But they had to find ways to explain the embarrassing fact that in this new, supposedly Christian city, Constantine had erected pagan temples and statues. Charlemagne had also caused the Filioque to be added to the Frankish Creed, without consulting the pope.
Doctrine here may very well be part of a political, military, and ethnic struggle and, therefore, intelligible only when put in proper perspective. However, what was certainly established by the early fourth century was the phenomenon of an emperor adopting and favouring a particular cult.
In Roman sources this same separation constitutes a schism between Franks and Romans. What Leo is clearly saying, but in diplomatic terms, is that the addition of the Filioque to the Creed is a heresy. At the time there were at least some monasteries and 50, Roman monks south of Rome. He did not dictate doctrine to the church.
Men from leading Roman families who declined to convert to Christianity were denied positions of power yet still received appointments; even up to the end of his life, two-thirds of his top government were non-Christian. Frankish occupation of Papal Romania and Arab pressure from the South had put a tremendous strain on the papacy, and gave rise to a pro-Frankish party of Romans who managed to elect Nicholas I as pope.
Pagans and Christians alike observed this unrest and looked for someone or something, preferably subversive, to blame.
This transition was matched in action and thought: The Frankish king required finally that Leo swear to his innocence on the Bible, which he did on December 23, This explains why the name Frank meant both noble and free in contrast to the serfs. The Franks applied their policy of destroying the unity between the Romans under their rule and the Romans under the rule of Constantinople and the Arabs.
The Hagia Sophia basilica in Constantinople, for centuries the largest church building in the world.
The Visigoths in Spain were overthrown by the Romans, who opened their city gates to the Berbers and Arabs. By the late 8th century the Umayyad caliphate had conquered all of Persia and much of the Byzantine territory including EgyptPalestineand Syria.
So yes, Constantine did influence the church but he did so by prompting the true authorities to decide, not by dictating his own beliefs. By a canon of contested validity,  the Council of Chalcedon placed Asia and Pontus which together made up Anatoliaunder Constantinople, although their autonomy had been recognized at the council of These attempts of Constantinople failed, and the Roman Berber Numedian governor of Ceuta [ 1 ] inand a bit later, the Gallo Romans, chose what seemed the lesser evil by establishing ad hoc alliances with the Arabs against Visigoths and Franks.
After the Nicene council, and against its conclusions, he eventually recalled Arius from exile and banished Athanasius of Alexandria to Trier. Pagans were probably most suspicious of the Christian refusal to sacrifice to the Roman gods. Egicathe Gothic king, had fought off an attempt by the East Roman navy to reinstall the beachhead lost in As a result, the peoples of Egypt, Palestine and Syria largely accepted their new rulers and many declared themselves Muslims within a few generations.
But it would also be a mistake to describe Roman religion as an easy, tolerant co-existence of cults. During the Great Persecution —the emperor ordered Christian buildings and the homes of Christians torn down and their sacred books collected and burned.
The Visigoths in Spain had abandoned their Arian heresy and had become nominally Orthodox. Some sources say that this happened in CE. The Edict of Milan went a step further than the earlier Edict of Toleration by Galerius inreturning confiscated Church property. During this same century, especially afterthe Franks also had appointed Frankish bishops en masse and had rid their government administration of Roman officials.
Rejection of the Council of Chalcedon led to the exodus from the state church of the majority of Christians in Egypt and many in the Levant, who preferred miaphysite theology. They even avoided every kind of contact with Gerbert.
He was baptized by his distant relative Arian Bishop Eusebius of Nicomedia. Pope John could not directly petition that the papal election law be incorporated into Roman law, since this would be tantamount to an admission that for more than a hundred years popes were being elected illegally.
Expansion of the Church in western and northern Europe began much earlier, with the conversion of the Irish in the 5th centurythe Franks at the end of the same century, the Arian Visigoths in Spain soon afterwards, and the English at the end of the 6th century.
Emperors considered themselves responsible to the gods for the spiritual health of their subjects, and after Constantine they had a duty to help the Church define orthodoxy and maintain orthodoxy. That happened later in that century. It was a sect of Christianity, or it was, it got its start as a sect of Christianity, but now, with the destruction of the temple, the Jews were dispersed from Jerusalem, and so were many of these early Christians.Did Emperor Constantine Influence Christian Doctrine?
by Gary J Sibio August 16,pm As emperor of the Roman Empire he wielded a lot of power but did he influence the teachings of the church?Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus ruled the Roman empire from to Certainly he influenced it in the sense that. Within the Roman Empire doctrinal conflicts took place usually among Roman citizens in a atmosphere of religious and philosophical pluralism.
With the official recognition of Orthodox Christianity, we witness the beginning of the use of doctrinal differences in support of nationalistic movements of separate identity and secession from Roman.
Feb 17, · Christianity and the Roman Empire. Pagans were probably most suspicious of the Christian refusal to sacrifice to the Roman gods. This was an insult to the gods and potentially endangered the.
The Church generally regarded the definition of doctrine as the responsibility of the bishops; the emperor's role as a Christian was to enforce doctrine, root out heresy, and uphold ecclesiastical unity.
Ramsay MacMullen, Christianizing The Roman Empire A.D. In CE, the emperor Theodosius issued the Edict of Thessalonica, which made Christianity, specifically Nicene Christianity, the official religion of the Roman Empire. Most other Christian sects were deemed heretical, lost their legal status, and had their properties confiscated by the Roman state.
By adopting Christianity as the religion of the vast Roman Empire, he elevated a once illegal cult to the law of the land. At the Council of Nicea, Constantine the Great settled Christian doctrine for the ages.Download